Temple of Heaven, Peking, China
Manchu women, China
Great Wall, Nan K'ou, China
Pa t'a chu, Peking, China
Great Wall, Peking, China
Canal pump to irrigate rice fields, China
Temple Hill, Jehol, China
Great Wall, China
Irrigation of rice fields, China, about 1900
Ming Pagoda, Imperial Palace, China, about 1900
Stone alley of Ming tombs, outside Peking, China, about 1900
Pai Lou Archgate outside Tung Yo Miao, Peking, China
Sedan chairs and bearers, China
Boats in canal, Peking, about 1900
Bridge, Summer Palace, Peking, China, about 1900
Kuanti Temple next to Peking City wall, Ch'ien men gate, Peking, about 1900
Palanquin with attendants, China
Buddhist monks, China
Sacred dance of Five Lamas, Tibet
Sacred dance of five lamas, China
Manchu portrait, China
Pagoda of the Dragon's Glory, (Pagoda Lung fa), Shanghai
Covered cart, Peking, China
Mongolian men with camel, China
Mongolian Lamas from Yung huo Kung
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Jacob H. Schiff Chinese Expedition
Berthold Laufer (1874-1934) was a young German scholar of Asian languages and scripts when Franz Boas recruited him for fieldwork on Sakhalin Island and the Amur River as part of the American Museum of Natural History’s Jesup North Pacific Expedition (1897-1902). Having proven his aptitude for ethnographic fieldwork, he was asked by Boas to undertake a second substantial expedition on the Museum’s behalf. The Jacob H. Schiff expedition (1901-1904) sent Laufer to China to “carry out scientific investigations in Eastern Asia” (Laufer to Boas, January 7, 1900) and to make “collections which illustrate the popular customs and beliefs of the Chinese, their industries, and their mode of life.” (Boas to Jesup, December 27, 1902)

Laufer was tasked with studying and documenting all manner of Chinese enterprise, while at the same time amassing a collection that could serve as the foundation for a nascent Asian studies enterprise in New York which would link Columbia University, the American Museum of Natural History, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and would cement New York City’s reputation as a premiere hub of knowledge on China. Although the project ultimately failed, it established the foundation for Asian Studies at Columbia University and brought a wealth of China-related material to AMNH.

During the three-year expedition, Laufer traveled extensively through eastern China. He attempted to make as complete a collection of Chinese material as was possible given both finite funds and time. In the end, Laufer assembled an extensive collection of over 7500 representative objects used in daily life, agriculture, folk religion, medicine, entertainment, and in the practice of such crafts as printing, bookbinding, carpentry, enamelware, ceramics, and laquerware.

Along with these objects, Laufer sent the Museum approximately 143 photographic prints and a list of associated captions. There is no record where or when Laufer acquired these photographs. There is also no record of Laufer having taken any himself or of his ever using a camera, and several photographs are known to be widely-distributed images available for purchase at the time. Until now, these photographs and associated information have existed only in the Museum’s archives. 
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